A new face of the space industry has begun. It’s been nine years in the making. After the end of the space shuttle programme in 2011, no Americans have been sent to space from the US soil. Until now, it’s a source of national pride and a tremendous moment for the next phase of space, so I thought it’s a great time for me to discuss the history of human spaceflight in the United States, and explore the different motivations behind each programme. The United States is by far the most successful space power in the world. In total, separate human space projects over the decades, but each had different goals, objectives, and importance in History Project Mercury x 15 project Gemini, the Apollo programme called Skylab space shuttle programme. Let’s start with the smaller programmes first. Future of human spaceflight
The North American x 15 was a hypersonic rocket powered aircraft, operated by the United States Air Force and NASA, basically, a rocket powered aircraft aspired to fly us into space. It did not work out as it was too dangerous. This is the most unconventional vehicle on the list. It was initiated in 1959 at the height of the space race and retired in 1968. This last space station launched in 1973. At that moment, the United States has already decisively won the space race against the former Soviet Union. So Skylab is more like a celebration of that space race is the central motif of the US Space Programme. If I were to pick one thing that explains the motivation of all US space programmes before 1975.
The competition with the Soviet Union and the fight for global technology hegemonic as much as we wanted to believe that this was an act of innovation to bring us closer to the future. It was not. It was an act of technological and psychological competition to show the world, which system is better. The competition started in 1957, the launch of the Soviet satellite, Sputnik delivered a decisive shock to the American public, fearing that the US tax advantage will be surpassed determined not to lose. NASA launched its first human Space Programme Project Mercury and ever since then. Each programme marks a new phase of the US Soviet relationship. Project Mercury was launched one year after Sputnik with an explicit aim to send human astronauts to space. In fact, it was almost a call project astronaut President Eisenhower felt that the name attracted too much attention to the pilot and decided on Project Mercury instead.
After the success of the Soviet Sputnik one and to become a looming fear among Americans that their country was falling into a so called missile gap and the space race took over the nuclear arms race and become a new frontier for global competition, although in retrospect, we know that there was no missile gap to begin with and the United States technology has always been ahead. Project Mercury was born under that political atmosphere, under a sense of urgency is sent seven astronauts space from 1961 to 1963. Among them are legendary astronauts, Alan Shepard and john glenn blue origins new Glenn rocket is named after him in this space launch vehicles were mostly derived from intercontinental ballistic missiles Atlas Titan those rockin names passed on all the way until today.
Project Gemini was born under a different set of circumstances, the overarching theme was still the same the Cold War, but the nature of it has shifted. This time, it was all about the moon, the success of Project Mercury man that the United States has the technology base to move forward to more ambitious goals, and that’s what project Gemini was about, it was launched under the objective of building technologies necessary to send us astronauts to the moon, it is important to know that this was in the middle of the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the height of the Cold War. The success of Germany became the foundation of Apollo missions. A few years later. This is a zero to one process, where everything from technology to the development and management methods have to be invented. For example, Gemini was the first astronaut carrying spacecraft onboard computer. Later on, here is NASA’s comments on the significance of Gemini before people can land on the moon.
NASA has learned many things and learned what happens when astronauts spend many days in space at Learn how astronauts could go outside, a spacecraft in a spacesuit that learn how to connect two spacecraft together in space, going to the moon would require doing all of these things before Gemini, NASA had not done any of them. Gemini proved NASA could do them on the Gemini programme send eight astronauts into space and its launch vehicle Titan was also a close brother of the Titan to missile. After Gemini, we finally had all the takes from the missions.
This is a famous Apollo programme, arguably the most significant Space Programme in the history of man, Apollo was so successful sending humans to the moon its achievement has not been surpassed today, the stories of it have been remade into countless novels and movies celebrated across the world. 11 missions 11 successes, even the partial failure of Apollo 13 was celebrated as a successful failure because despite the initial problem. America’s engineering prowess and human wills prevailed, at the end, the programme was also important, as it gave us the most powerful rocket to date.